What You Should Know – Nitrogen Cycle And Koi Food

Koi excrete waste from both their gills and anal vent. The result of breathing and eating is the production of ammonia and ammonium. Exposure to this highly toxic total ammonia in the pond will cause damage to the delicate gill filaments and may result in death. To keep the ammonia in a pond at an acceptable, level that is ideally zero, you must operate an efficient biological filtration system and test the water on a regular basis.

Investigate any raised scales and release the pressure causing them. These things need to be done under anesthesia and a properly equipped treatment box will be invaluable at these times. Brushes make excellent solid separators, as well as biological media. They are available in a range of sizes to suit the filter.

Koi pellets may also be formulated to include a number of additives to improve or enhance various aspects, such as color and disease resistance. Koi enjoy brown bread. Break it up or throw a whole slice onto the pond surface. The fish will suck it and tear pieces from it. Fresh, frozen or tinned peas make another interesting summer treat. Cook them before use.

Koi will play with a whole lettuce thrown onto the water surface as they chase it around the pond. Like peas, sweet corn sinks to the bottom. As the fish feed head down and tail up, you can observe them from a different angle. Fish food is also processed in the form of floating koi sticks. These are staple diet or pale and high protein darker sticks.

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